PreSchool Readiness Milestones

How do I know if my child is ready for Preschool?

Check out the Developmental Milestones below to see what your child should be doing by ages 2-4 years old.


2 Year Old
  • Copies others, especially adults and other children
  • Gets excited when with other children
  • Shows independence
  • Shows defiant behavior (doing what he/she has been told not to do)
  • Plays mainly beside other children, but is beginning to include others in play
3 Year Old
  • Copies adults and friends
  • Uses words to express wants and needs versus using actions/aggressive behavior
  • Able to use words to tell stories, share ideas and express feelings
  • Shows affection for friends independently
  • Takes turns in games
  • Shows concerns for crying friends
  • Understands the idea of “mine”, “his” and “hers”
  • Shows a wide range of emotions
  • Separates from parents easily
  • Maintains attention to classroom activities
  • Independently chooses activities of interest
  • Cooperates when playing in a group
  • Helps friends when needed
  • Adapts easily to change of routine
4 Year Old
  • Behavior is easily redirected
  • Enjoys doing new things
  • Plays “mom” and “dad”
  • Is more and more creative with make-believe play
  • Would rather play with other children than by him or herself
  • Cooperates with other children
  • Often can’t tell what’s real and what’s make-believe
  • Talks about what he/she likes and what he/she is interested in


2 Year Old
  • Points to things or pictures when they are named
  • Knows names of familiar people and body parts
  • Says sentences with 2 to 4 words
  • Follows simple instructions/commands
  • Repeats words overheard in conversation
  • Points to things in a book
3 Year Old
  • Follows instructions with 2 or 3 steps
  • Begins to use adjectives for color and size
  • Responds to wh-questions (who, what, where, when, why)
  • Asks many questions
  • Can name most familiar things
  • Understands words like “in”, “on” and “under”
  • Says first name, age and if they are a boy or girl.
  • Can name a friend
  • Uses pronouns “I”, “me”, “we”, and “you”
  • Starts to use some plurals (i.e. dogs, cats, cars)
  • Strangers can understand what your child is saying most of the time
  • Will put toys away when asked
4 Year Old
  • Correctly uses pronouns “he” and “she”
  • Sings songs or says a poem from memory such as the “Itsy Bitsy Spider” or the “wheels on the Bus”
  • Tells stories
  • Can say first and last name

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)/Literacy Skills

2 Year Old
  • Finds things even when hidden
  • Begins to sort shapes and colors
  • Completes sentences in familiar books
  • Follows 2 step instructions (i.e. Pick up your shoes and put them in the closet)
3 Year Old
  • Recognizes first name when written
  • Recites the ABC’s
  • Able to name capital letters
  • Able to name lowercase letters
  • Does puzzles with 3 or 4 pieces
  • Copies a circle with a pencil or crayon
  • Turns book pages one at a time
4 Year Old
  • Able to print first name
  • Able to print last name
  • Knows letter sounds
  • Identifies rhyming words (i.e. cat/hat)
  • Names some colors and numbers
  • Understands the idea of counting
  • Remembers part of a story
  • Plays board games
  • Tells you what he/she thinks is going to happen next in a book

Fine Motor/Self Help Skills

3-4 Year Old
  • Copies a horizontal line and circle
  • Can put on/ take off coat
  • Puts shoes on the correct feet
  • Brushes own teeth
  • Fastens large buttons
  • Cuts a piece of paper in half with scissors
  • Uses restroom independently
  • Zips most zippers

Movement/Physical Development

2 Year Old
  • Stands on tiptoe
  • Kicks a ball
  • Climbs onto and down from furniture without help
  • Walks up and down stairs holding on
3 Year Old
  • Climbs well
  • Runs easily
  • Pedals a tricycle
  • Walks up and down stairs, one foot at each step
  • Throws a ball over head to hit a target
4 Year Old
  • Hops and stands on one foot up to 2 seconds
  • Catches a bounced ball most of the time
  • Pours, cuts with supervision, and mashes own food

Do you have questions?


We are here to help.

Kind Words

We create relationships and are grateful to our many parents, agencies, and school counselors for their support throughout the years.


“I appreciate all of your, and your staffs’, efforts over the past several months.  I have received a number of very positive remarks from my colleagues regarding the quality of everyone’s work.”


“ We switched from a large practice to SPGCT because I felt my child was lost in the mix. Rachel is on top of insurance claims and sends frequent emails to stay connected.”


“If there has ever been a parental, administrative or teacher concern – the ladies have jumped in immediately to help. It is evident these SLP’s have worked in our school systems for years.”


“I have been a contractor for many years - but this is the first time I have worked for a practice that is run by a fellow SLP - and what a difference it makes! Rachel truly understands our needs and our worth.”



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